LYSIANKA JEWISH CEMETERY
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Collapse panel 1. Cemetery Location & Access
 
Cemetery ID:  10187
Cemetery Name:  Lysianka Jewish Cemetery
Location Vis-À-Vis Above Named Town:   
Address 1:  behind Michurin Street 21
Address 2: 
Latitude:  49.251200 
Longitude:  30.8320466 
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Accessed By:   
Details Of Access:  Vatutin’s farm. Turn left at the end of Michurin Street. (Behind house no. 21). The cemetery is located on the elongated hill to the left of the field road.
Area Map: 
Cemetery Opening Hours:  open all the time
Currently In Use:  No
 
Collapse panel 2. Information on the Jewish Community
 
City/Town/Village Name:  Lysianka
Alternative Names:  Lisianka (Yiddish), Lisinka (Polish), Lusanka (Czech), Лисянка - Lysianka (Ukrainian), Лысянка - Lysianka (Russian)
Country:  Ukraine
Region:  Lysianskyi Raion - Cherkasy Oblast
Latitude:  49.255278 
Longitude: 30.8275 
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Current General Population:  5000 - 10000
Current Jewish Population:  Less than 10
Jews Of This Town Buried Elsewhere:   
Date Earliest Known Jewish Community:  1702
Date Last Known Jewish Community:   
Jewish Population Before World War II:  10 - 1000
Noteworthy Historical Events Involving
Or Affecting The Jewish Community:  A Jewish community existed in Lysianka since the 17th century. Jews were engaged in carpentry, blacksmithing, crafts and petty trade. In 1702, the Haidamaks exterminated almost all Jews in Lysianka. The Jewish population suffered greatly in 1768. In 1847, the Jewish population was 1,442 people, in 1897 - 2,845 (39,5%). In 1867, three synagogues operated in the village and in 1890, a hospice was opened. In the early 20th century, Jews owned seven flour warehouses, six grain and three wood stores, a mill, and most of the shops.
The pogroms, famine and epidemics resulted in a reduction of the Jewish population of the town. On July 5, 1918, during a pogrom, local peasants killed about 40 Jews and seriously injured about 50. Later, another pogrom in the village was organized by Denikin’s troops. In 1925, five families from Lysianka established a Jewish agricultural farm "Lysenkovsky" in Kherson district. The Jewish population reached 844 in 1923, and by 1926 - 1064.
After Wehrmacht troops occupied Lysianka on July 22, 1941, 28 people were shot in Pochapyntsi forest, near the hospital. During the second action, 392 people were killed, along with prisoners of war and Jews from the surrounding villages. According to the memoirs, on a Sunday, the Jews were led in a column to the place of execution and one woman from Lysianka was holding a baby. She hid it in the rye fields and later the peasants of Bohuslav, who were driving to the fair, picked the child up. His further fate remains unknown. Some local residents saved the Jews. In the village of Smelchintsy, a working camp was situated in 1942, aimed at road construction and repairs. The first prisoners there were the Jews, who arrived from Nemorozh village in late May 1942. On November 2, 1942, 50 Jews were shot in the camp, and the rest were sent to the camp in Budysche village.
Jews From This Town Are Also Known
To Be Buried In:   
Jews From This Town Are Also Known
To Be Buried Comments: 
Jewish Community Denomination/s:   
Notable Natives Of The Local Jewish Community:  Spiritual leaders of the community: from 1890, the rabbi was Mordko Teplitsky. In 1895, assistant to the rabbi was Mordko Weitburg, in 1907, Moyshe Weiserman became a rabbi, and in 1914 – Meyer-Aaron Berkovich Pribysh. Yakov Isaakovich Belitsky - a doctor in Lisianka from 1900-1904.
Additional Comments: 
 
View Local Places of Jewish Interest (currently no information for this site)
View Town/Jewish Community Data Sources (currently no information for this site)
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Collapse panel 3. Location, Markers, Access & Security
 
Description Of Cemetery Location:  urban
Situated:  on a hillside
Isolation Detail:  isolated
Additional Details: 
Road / Entrance Sign:  No
Language Of Sign:   
Sign Text:   
Photo Of Sign: 
Identifiable Features On Sign:   
The Sign Mentions:   
Cemetery Entrance:   
Inscription On:   
Inscription Text: 
Cemetery Boundary:   
Additional Comments:  The cemetery is surrounded by several rows of moats and ramparts.
Access:  open to all
The Cemetery Is Visited:   
Visited By:   
Current Owner Of Cemetery:  Local Municipality
 
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Collapse panel 4. Current Use / Condition Status / Cemetery Specific Characteristics
Collapse panel 5. Tombstones, Memorial Markers & Structures
Collapse panel 6. Burials Register
Collapse panel 7. Ecological Decay & Vandalism
Collapse panel 8. Maintenance & Restoration
Collapse panel 9. Protected Status
Collapse panel 10. Condition Report
Collapse panel 11. Details of Data Sources
Collapse panel 12. Additional Information
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