HORODYSCHE JEWISH CEMETERY I (OLD)
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Collapse panel 1. Cemetery Location & Access
 
Cemetery ID:  10291
Cemetery Name:  Horodysche Jewish Cemetery I (Old)
Location Vis-À-Vis Above Named Town:  In center of town
Address 1:  Myru Street, 122
Address 2: 
Latitude:  49.2925 
Longitude:  31.458056 
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Accessed By:   
Details Of Access:  The Jewish cemetery is located on Myru Street, 122, across the road from the bus station.
Area Map: 
Cemetery Opening Hours:  open all the time
Currently In Use:  No
 
Collapse panel 2. Information on the Jewish Community
 
City/Town/Village Name:  Horodysche
Alternative Names:  Gorodische (German), Gorodische - Городище (Russian), Gorodish, Horodishtch (Yiddish), Horodische - Городище (Ukrainian), Horodyshche, Horodysce, Gorodisce, Gorodyszcze (Alternative Name), Horodyszcze (Polish)
Country:  Ukraine
Region:  Horodyschenskyi Raion - Cherkasy Oblast
Latitude:  49.291667 
Longitude: 31.446544 
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Current General Population:  10000 - 25000
Current Jewish Population:  Less than 10
Jews Of This Town Buried Elsewhere:   
Date Earliest Known Jewish Community:  18th century
Date Last Known Jewish Community:   
Jewish Population Before World War II:  10 - 1000
Noteworthy Historical Events Involving
Or Affecting The Jewish Community:  According to the Encyclopedia of Brockhaus and Efron, in 1847, the Jewish community of Horodysche consisted of 587 people. In 1863, the town's population included 5,493 Orthodox Christians and 3,000 Jews. In 1887, the Jewish community grew to 3,124, out of a total population of 14,641.
On May 11-12, 1919 pogroms were organized by local residents, inspired by a handful of local teachers and pupils of the gymnasium and agricultural school. The pogroms continued until May15. Then the Soviet troops entered the town and the local population suffered from another wave of pogroms. People were robbed even on the streets and in synagogues. During the pogroms, two shops were burned and 135 homes destroyed. Around 10 people were killed and 25 wounded, the total sum of losses - 3 million rubles.
A cruel and destructive pogrom was arranged by the gangs of Ataman Golyi on September 17, 1919. Having heard of the approaching gangs, the Jews fled the cities of Smela and Cherkassy, but not everybody managed to escape. More than 100 people, including many women and children, were killed.
After the pogroms, the shtetl was practically deserted.
In August 1941, Horodysche was occupied. A ghetto was established in autumn, the Jews were forbidden to go outside to buy food from Ukrainians, which resulted in famine. On March 29, 1942 (according to other sources, April 4) the Jews from the town and surrounding villages were gathered in the courtyard of the local police department and at dawn the next day, shot in a ditch near the Sadstantsiya ravine.
Jews From This Town Are Also Known
To Be Buried In:   
Jews From This Town Are Also Known
To Be Buried Comments: 
Jewish Community Denomination/s:   
Notable Natives Of The Local Jewish Community:  Dov Ber Slutskiy – a writer and journalist, was born in Horodysche in 1877.
Additional Comments: 
 
View Local Places of Jewish Interest (currently no information for this site)
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Collapse panel 3. Location, Markers, Access & Security
 
Description Of Cemetery Location:  urban
Situated:  on flat land
Isolation Detail:  isolated
Additional Details: 
Road / Entrance Sign:  No
Language Of Sign:   
Sign Text:   
Photo Of Sign: 
Identifiable Features On Sign:   
The Sign Mentions:   
Cemetery Entrance:   
Inscription On:   
Inscription Text: 
Cemetery Boundary:  no wall or fence
Additional Comments: 
Access:  open to all
The Cemetery Is Visited:   
Visited By:   
Current Owner Of Cemetery:  Local Municipality
 
View Cemetery Contacts (currently no information for this site)
 
Collapse panel 4. Current Use / Condition Status / Cemetery Specific Characteristics
Collapse panel 5. Tombstones, Memorial Markers & Structures
Collapse panel 6. Burials Register
Collapse panel 7. Ecological Decay & Vandalism
Collapse panel 8. Maintenance & Restoration
Collapse panel 9. Protected Status
Collapse panel 10. Condition Report
Collapse panel 11. Details of Data Sources
Collapse panel 12. Additional Information
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