TARASCHA JEWISH CEMETERY
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Collapse panel 1. Cemetery Location & Access
 
Cemetery ID:  9344
Cemetery Name:  Tarascha Jewish Cemetery
Location Vis-À-Vis Above Named Town:  Within town
Address 1:  ul. Parizhskoy Kommuny
Address 2: 
Latitude:  49.56436 
Longitude:  30.48759 
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Accessed By:   
Details Of Access:  Northern part of the town, in the Venigory district. Behind and to the right of the house at no. 74 Parizhskoy Kommuny.
Area Map: 
Cemetery Opening Hours:  Open at all times.
Currently In Use:  Yes
 
Collapse panel 2. Information on the Jewish Community
 
City/Town/Village Name:  Tarascha
Alternative Names:  Tarasche (Yiddish), Taraszcza (Polish), Тараща - Tarascha (Ukrainian), Тараща - Tarashcha (Russian)
Country:  Ukraine
Region:  Taraschanskyi Raion - Kyiv Oblast
Latitude:  49.560833 
Longitude: 30.506111 
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Current General Population:  10000 - 25000
Current Jewish Population:  10 - 1000
Jews Of This Town Buried Elsewhere:  Unknown
Date Earliest Known Jewish Community:  Mid 18th century
Date Last Known Jewish Community:  n/a
Jewish Population Before World War II:  1000 - 5000
Noteworthy Historical Events Involving
Or Affecting The Jewish Community:  A Jewish community has existed in Tarascha since the mid-18th century. According to the 1764 census there were 134 Jews in the town. By the 19th century the Jewish population of Tarascha was approximately 40% of the total population. In 1897, the town’s population was 11,259 people, among them 4,906 Jews. Tarascha was badly damaged during the 1918-20 riots. The first pogrom took place on June 20, 1918, and consisted of robberies only. The second pogrom took place on April 1, 1919; peasants from surrounding villages attacked Tarascha with pitchforks and sticks, robbed residents’ houses and demanded money. An announcement was posted on a telegraph pole saying that if the Jewish population did not contribute 100 thousand roubles, they would all be massacred. On June 16, 1919 a gang of 800 people led by Yatsenko came to Tarascha. The looting and destruction continued for 2 days. All shops were smashed and destroyed and the losses constituted over 10 million roubles. 2 people were killed. On June 20, it was rumoured that another gang was about to enter the town. Almost the entire Jewish population – 4,000 people – fled to Rokitne. The rumour turned out to be false, but no more than 15 Jewish families remained in the city. A further three pogroms took place between July 1919 October 1920. More than 50 Jews were killed, many were beaten and raped and houses were looted.
Jews From This Town Are Also Known
To Be Buried In:   
Jews From This Town Are Also Known
To Be Buried Comments:  n/a
Jewish Community Denomination/s:   
Notable Natives Of The Local Jewish Community:  *Rabbi Raphael of Bershad’ (1751-1827) - a student of Rabbi Pinchas of Koretz, a student of the Besht. For a long time Rabbi Raphael lived in Tarascha. He is buried in Tarascha.
*Morris Cohen - born in New York in a family originating from Russia. A Soviet intelligence officer, Hero of Russia; obtained information about the development of the atomic bomb in the United States. His father came from the town of Tarascha. *Mois Gaysynsky (b. Tarascha, 1898 - d. Paris, 1976) – a chemist, author of the world's first monograph on radiation chemistry.
*Isai Feldman (b. Tarascha, 1937) – a zoologist, author of more than 80 scientific papers and 2 monographs. He was awarded 2 bronze medals of the USSR for his achievements in the field of veterinary science. Now lives in Detroit.
*Alexander Zlotnik (b. Tarascha, 1948) - composer, People's Artist of Ukraine.
*Boris Tomashewski (b. Tarascha, 1868 - d. USA, 1939) – an actor, director, playwright, founder of American Jewish theatres, where performances were in Yiddish.
*Pinchas Gelman (b. Tarascha, 1880 - d. Dnipropetrovsk, 1921) - Rabbi of Dnipropetrovsk, deputy of Katerynoslav City Council, the founder of several yeshivas in Dnipropetrovsk. Among his students: Israeli Minister of Education Zalman Oren.
*Israel Sivorinovsky (possibly Severinovsky), b. Tarascha, 1913 - d. 1941 - Soviet submariner.
Additional Comments:  According to the census of 1939, there were 73,173 Jews in the Kiev region, including 1,140 in Tarascha, on the eve of the Second World War. From July 23, 1941 to January 5, 1944 Tarascha was occupied by German troops. After capturing the town, the Germans carried out a search of Jewish homes. Residents of several houses on the main street, where the Jews lived, were arrested and moved into houses in the area between the two cemeteries. Large common graves were dug. “It lasted for about 2 days. Then, hundreds of Jewish men, women and children were put on large carts, each of which was driven by two horses, and taken to the place of execution. [...] The cavalcade made its way towards the cemeteries, located about 2 km from the town. The victims were then shot with automatic weapons in prepared pits. The orders given by the German authorities were ‘to clean Tarashcha of Jews.’” In mid September 1941, the remaining Jews were forced to gather in the square near the Ukrainian police department. The victims were searched for valuables. Then a column of about 100 Jews proceeded under escort to the cemetery. On the way, a Jewish woman appealed to the German Ressler, asking to save her life, because she had left a small child at home. Ressler ordered her release. “A common grave was had been dug near the cemetery. [...] About a hundred meters from the grave, there were bushes. The Jewish victims had sit or lie down there and wait for death. [...] Then the victims were taken in small groups from the waiting place towards the common grave. They had to stand on the brink of the grave, facing it. Then the executioners killed them with pistols from behind, shooting in the nape.” There were a number of cases when the local population actively participated in the rescue of Jews, for example that of the governess of the orphanage, M.S. Grabowska, who saved baby Rosa Faktorovich.

There is still a small Jewish community in Tarascha. The architecture of the late 19th – early 20th century has been well preserved in the town.
 
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Collapse panel 3. Location, Markers, Access & Security
 
Description Of Cemetery Location:  urban
Situated:  on flat land
Isolation Detail:  isolated
Additional Details:  The cemetery is adjacent to residential buildings, some of which may have been constructed on cemetery land in the past.
Road / Entrance Sign:  No
Language Of Sign:   
Sign Text:  n/a
Photo Of Sign: 
Identifiable Features On Sign:   
The Sign Mentions:  No marker
Cemetery Entrance:  a gate that does not lock
Inscription On:   
Inscription Text:  n/a
Cemetery Boundary:   
Additional Comments:  The cemetery is demaracted by a metal and wooden fence on one side and a ditch on the other. There is a metal gate, which is never locked. The cemetery site is approximately 190m by 150m.
Access:  open to all
The Cemetery Is Visited:   
Visited By:   
Current Owner Of Cemetery:  Local Municipality
 
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Collapse panel 4. Current Use / Condition Status / Cemetery Specific Characteristics
Collapse panel 5. Tombstones, Memorial Markers & Structures
Collapse panel 6. Burials Register
Collapse panel 7. Ecological Decay & Vandalism
Collapse panel 8. Maintenance & Restoration
Collapse panel 9. Protected Status
Collapse panel 10. Condition Report
Collapse panel 11. Details of Data Sources
Collapse panel 12. Additional Information
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