BUKY MASS GRAVE I (PUSHKINSKAYA STREET)
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Collapse panel 1. Cemetery Location & Access
 
Cemetery ID:  9912
Cemetery Name:  Buky Mass Grave I (Pushkinskaya street)
Location Vis-À-Vis Above Named Town:   
Address 1:  Pushkinskaya Str., 31-33
Address 2: 
Latitude:  49.09522 
Longitude:  30.41099 
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Accessed By:   
Details Of Access:  The mass grave territory has been built over.
Area Map: 
Cemetery Opening Hours: 
Currently In Use:  No
 
Collapse panel 2. Information on the Jewish Community
 
City/Town/Village Name:  Buky
Alternative Names:  Baki (Yiddish), Буки - Buki (Russian), Буки - Buky (Ukrainian)
Country:  Ukraine
Region:  Mankivskyi Raion - Cherkasy Oblast
Latitude:  49.1 
Longitude: 30.398889 
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Current General Population:  1000 - 5000
Current Jewish Population:  Less than 10
Jews Of This Town Buried Elsewhere:   
Date Earliest Known Jewish Community:  17th century
Date Last Known Jewish Community:   
Jewish Population Before World War II:  10 - 1000
Noteworthy Historical Events Involving
Or Affecting The Jewish Community:  In 1863, 1,532 Jews lived in Buky. In the early 18th century, a synagogue was constructed, and in the late 19th century, two more synagogues emerged. In 1893, Jews were forbidden to pray in the new synagogues because they were located too close to the Orthodox Church. In 1909, there was a Talmud Torah in Buky as well as a private Jewish girls' school. In the late 19th century, the Jewish population of Buky increased to 2,298 people. (59%).
In summer 1919, Denikin's troops conducted a pogrom. The next pogrom was organized in October 1920 by the units of Tsvetkovsky. Around 200 Jews were killed. During the pogroms, the shtetl was ransacked and burned. As a result of the pogroms, the Jewish population declined to 281 people. (1923). In 1926, the Jewish population was 762 people (25%). In the mid-1920s, 27 expatriates of Buky founded a Jewish agricultural colony named after Rakovsky in Kherson county.
On July 19, 1941 the village was occupied. Some Jews were able to evacuate, some men went to the front. About 60% of the Jewish population remained in Buky. In August 1941, the first mass execution took place, at the River Gornyi Tykych on the south-eastern outskirts of the village. Dozens of Jews were killed. In Autumn 1941, Jewish intellectuals were shot. In the former estate of a landlord, a ghetto was organized, and all the surviving Jews from Buky, as well as from surrounding villages, such as Man'kivka and Piatyhory, were executed.
A Holocaust survivor Olga Rudaya recalled: "In the morning we were driven from the camp to a quarry, Buky - Antonivka. The quarriers stabbed the rocks, and we drove the trucks and put the stone in stacks. Then it was sent to build roads. How did we survive? How did we manage to stay alive? A great thanks to the quarriers, they and their wives gave us food. We the survivors are greatly indebted to them".
In May 1942, all disabled Jews were shot, and the rest worked at the quarry. During the elimination of the labour camp in 1943, all Jews were killed.
Jews From This Town Are Also Known
To Be Buried In:   
Jews From This Town Are Also Known
To Be Buried Comments: 
Jewish Community Denomination/s:   
Notable Natives Of The Local Jewish Community:  Moses Khaschevatskyi (1897-1943) – a Yiddish poet and translator.
Additional Comments:  In 1997, the most recent act of vandalism took place, when local residents drove into the forest on an excavator and dug up the graves in search of gold. In 1997-8, the fences were stolen, the obelisk was overturned. It currently lies 50m away.
 
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Collapse panel 3. Location, Markers, Access & Security
 
Description Of Cemetery Location:  urban
Situated:  on flat land
Isolation Detail:  isolated
Additional Details: 
Road / Entrance Sign:  No
Language Of Sign:   
Sign Text:   
Photo Of Sign: 
Identifiable Features On Sign:   
The Sign Mentions:   
Cemetery Entrance:   
Inscription On:   
Inscription Text: 
Cemetery Boundary:  no wall or fence
Additional Comments: 
Access:   
The Cemetery Is Visited:   
Visited By:   
Current Owner Of Cemetery:  Private Individual
 
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Collapse panel 4. Current Use / Condition Status / Cemetery Specific Characteristics
Collapse panel 5. Tombstones, Memorial Markers & Structures
Collapse panel 6. Burials Register
Collapse panel 7. Ecological Decay & Vandalism
Collapse panel 8. Maintenance & Restoration
Collapse panel 9. Protected Status
Collapse panel 10. Condition Report
Collapse panel 11. Details of Data Sources
Collapse panel 12. Additional Information
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